Modern day methods of obtaining fire usually begin with a flame such as by using a match or lighter. This is VERY convenient! But when these devices are not available, It’s good to know other methods. Excluding chemical reactions or flammable gases, these other methods involve capturing a percussion spark or concentrating heat to the point of ignition. The nature of tinder is very important to understand in order to bring this process about. Seldom do flames just erupt, but rather, a small coal is started with char (carbonized material) that must be coaxed into a larger size, then added to tinder, where it can accelerate into a flame. Once establishing a flame, it can be added to kindling and then to fuel… a progression of sizes. Be sure to set up the firewood before hand to receive the flame once it is achieved.